Toronto’s 2nd Annual Ravine Symposium

At the 2nd Annual Ravine Symposium, hosted by the Toronto Botanical Garden on November 3, UFORA’s Stephen Smith spoke about the importance of controlling invasive plants, with particular focus on dog-strangling vine (DSV). These invasives don’t just out-compete and eliminate native species, Smith explained, they can dominate an area so comprehensively that forest regeneration no longer occurs. In some areas