This is one of our oldest ravine restoration projects in Toronto’s Rosedale neighbourhood. At the beginning of December 1997, the forest was dominated by Norway¬†Maples growing on heavy clay soils with very little ground cover vegetation. Trees to be cut are marked with blue marks. The trail hasn’t been built yet.

After thinning the forest and removing the Norway Maples, we planted a variety of small trees, shrubs, ferns and various other ground cover throughout 1998-2000. After all the thinning work and subsequent planting, here is the view in December 2004. Compare with the first photo.

Here it is in December 2006.

And again in December 2008.

Here it is again in March 2011. Each year the plants get larger and fill the space that was once occupied by the Norway Maples. Trees in open canopy areas grow faster than those in shade, so regrowth varies across the site, creating a mixed-age forest.

See below for a picture of the neighbouring property for comparison. The left of the picture is what our clients property looked like in summer before we began work. The trees are all Norway Maples, there is no ground cover in places and the ground cover that you can see further up is all Garlic Mustard and other weedy species. The right side of the fence is our clients’ property.